# Mathematics

## Calculus 12

Calculus 12 will give students a basic understanding of calculus which will help those who wish to go into post-secondary math, science, engineering, business or computer science programs.

The course focuses on four big ideas. The concept of a limit is foundational to calculus. Differential calculus develops the concept of instantaneous rate of change. Integral calculus develops the concept of determining a product involving a continuously changing quantity over an interval. Derivates and integrals are inversely related.

Students require a solid understanding of algebra, trigonometry and logarithms to be successful in this course and should have achieved a good grade in pre-Calculus 12 before pursuing this course.

## Foundations Of Math & Pre-Calculus 10

NO TEXTBOOK REQUIRED. Course is presented in a series of video lessons, with students completing practice questions. Topics to be covered include powers and exponent laws, prime factorization, multiplying and dividing polynomial expressions, trigonometry, linear relations and functions, graphing, function notation, arithmetic sequences, systems of equations and financial literacy. Students will submit worked questions and will complete online quizzes.

## Foundations of Math 11

This pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies, in programs that do not require the study of theoretical calculus.

Topics include mathematical reasoning, angle relationships, graphical analysis, applications of statistics, scale models, and financial literacy.

## Foundations of Math 12

Foundations of Math 12 centers around the big ideas of probabilistic thinking, data modelling, financial decisions, and geometric explorations.

The course instruction is offered through StudyForge lesson videos, note packages, and practice questions.

The topics include geometry, graphical representations, regression analysis, combinatorics, probability, and financial planning.

This course is suited for students looking for post-secondary studies in arts and other faculties.

## Math 7

Students develop an appreciation and understanding for new symbols and formulas in their quest to learn math at a higher level.

Students are guided in their learning through StudyForge, sample questions, assignments, and tests.

Students learn to think critically and appreciate mathematics in today’s society.

## Math 8

Mathematics is integral to every aspect of daily life. Skills can be used to solve problems related to time, sports, travel, money management, science, and art, to name a few.

Mathematics is part of the story of human history and is particularly relevant to the British Columbian story. First Peoples in British Columbia, like Indigenous people around the world, used and continue to use mathematical knowledge and competencies to make sense of the world around them.

Topics of study include perfect squares and cubes, square and cube roots, rates, ratio, proportion and percents, adding and subtracting fractions, multiplying and dividing fractions, discrete linear relations, expressions, two-step equations, surface area and volume, Pythagorean Theorem, construction, views and nets of 3D objects, central tendency, theoretical probability with two independent events and financial literacy.

## Math 9

Mathematics is integral to every aspect of daily life. Skills can be used to solve problems related to time, sports, travel, money management, science, and art, to name a few. Mathematics is part of the story of human history and is particularly relevant to the British Columbian story. First Peoples in British Columbia like Indigenous people around the world, used and continue to use mathematical knowledge and competencies to make sense of the world around them.

Topics of study include:  Operations with rational numbers, exponents and exponent laws with whole-number exponents, operations with polynomials, of degree less than or equal to 2, two-variable linear relations, using graphing, interpolation and extrapolation,  multi-step one-variable equations, spatial proportional reasoning, statistics in society and financial literacy.

## Pre-Calculus 11

Students will learn and develop mathematical skills that are foundational for use in pre-calculus and calculus thereafter. Pre-Calculus 11 focuses on quadratic relationships, their prevalence around us, and the use of algebra to generalize these relationships through abstract thinking.

Students will explore the meanings of and connections between operations extending to powers, radicals and polynomials. Students will use proportional reasoning to solve indirect measurement trigonometric problems, and work with formulas for financial literacy. These mentioned topics will be studied with use of the Communication, Thinking, and Personal & Social core competencies.